What Is a Private Equity Firm?

A private equity company is an investment company that seeks money from investors to buy stakes in businesses and help them grow. This differs from individual investors who invest in publicly traded companies, which gives them dividends, but doesn’t give them any direct control over the company’s decisions or operations. Private equity companies invest in a portfolio of companies, referred to as a portfolio, and typically look to take over management of those businesses.

They usually purchase an organization that has potential for improvement. They then make changes to improve efficiency, cut costs, and expand the business. Private equity firms could utilize debt to purchase and take over businesses which is known as leveraged purchases. They then sell the company for a profit and pay management fees to companies that are part of their portfolio.

This recurring cycle of buying, improving and selling can be time-consuming and costly for companies, especially smaller ones. Many are looking for alternative financing methods that permit them to access working capital without the burden of a PE company’s management fees.

Private equity firms have fought back against stereotypes of them being strippers, highlighting their management expertise as well as the successful transformations of portfolio companies. But some critics, including U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren argues that private equity’s focus is on quick profits, which destroys long-term value and hurts workers.


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